What is a head lice?
Head lice are tiny insects that parasitize the scalp. This is a common problem among children at school: these parasites are transmitted quickly from one child to another. Result, itchy and irritated scalp… A real nightmare ! Fortunately, head lice are not dangerous and do not transmit disease, confirms Mike Patrick, emergency physician and general pediatrician at Nationwide Children’s Hospital. You should also know that head lice are not synonymous with poor hygiene or uncleanliness!
What are the symptoms of head lice?
Typically, head lice symptoms include incessant itching. In addition, the symptoms vary depending on the area of the body affected. Here are the different symptoms of head lice:
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- Itchy scalp.
- Sleep problems: lice are more active at night, away from light.
- By dint of scratching, sores appear on your scalp.
Why are lice difficult to eliminate?
Head lice are extremely common. These little beasts affect both children and adults. The only way to catch head lice is to come into contact with an infested person!
The life cycle of these organisms begins with the female laying her eggs, called nits. These are tiny and smaller than a pinhead. Rshells, they stick to the base of the hair. And that’s why getting rid of them is so hard! Eliminating lice is therefore not an easy task. A nit that hatches releases a nymph which turns into an adult louse in 12 or 15 days.
Furthermore, they are very difficult to identify and identify. These little beasts quickly hide from light and crawl fast. It is therefore not easy to confirm a head lice diagnosis.
Lice can also develop resistance. If after a first treatment, these pests do not disappear, it is because they are resistant. We therefore advise you to change treatment and avoid taking one from the same family!
Baking soda. Source: spm
Baking soda, also called sodium bicarbonate, is an effective treatment to fight against an invasion of lice. Another surprising effect of the famous bicarbonate! Its grainy texture helps trap lice and nits, and also helps to calm itching and incessant urges to scratch the scalp.
Warning: It is advisable to use baking soda to eliminate lice. Technical bicarbonate is not suitable for body care.
To apply baking soda and eliminate lice, the process is simple. Just follow our user guide!
- 1 teaspoon baking soda
- 2 teaspoons of hair conditioner
- 2 teaspoons olive oil
Bicarbonate, olive oil and conditioner. Source: spm
Steps to follow :
Step 1 : Sprinkle your scalp with baking soda;
2nd step : Add olive oil, then rub your scalp thoroughly;
Step 3: Leave on overnight under a shower cap;
Step 4: The next day, mix baking soda with conditioner and apply to your hair;
Step 5: Using a pick, carefully comb through each section of your hair.
Repeat the process at least once a week to treat lice definitively !
The baking soda calms the itching while the hair conditioner smothers the lice. A winning combination to free your scalp from parasites!
Baking soda against lice: what are the benefits of this natural product?
The virtues of this white powder in the fight against lice are well established! We remind you of its main advantages to get rid of these little beasts:
- Baking soda is environmentally friendly and non-toxic.
- Although it is necessary to repeat the process, baking soda is a relatively quick and safe way to eliminate lice, since it is environmentally friendly and non-toxic.
- Accessible and cheap.
Please note ! If you notice repeated infestations, please consult your doctor for more adequate treatment.
Head lice are most often spread through direct (head to head) contact. Lice are also spread by sharing clothes or personal effects (combs, brush, etc.). Lice survive between 1 to 2 days, once they have left your scalp. Prevention is better than cure ! For this, we give you our advice to prevent the appearance of lice. According the center for disease prevention and controlhere are some measures to take to avoid any risk of infestation, if you are in contact with an infested person:
- Avoid face-to-face contact/home, school or elsewhere (park, playroom, gym).
- Do not share hats, caps, scarves, coats, sports equipment, and hair bands or barrettes.
- Avoid sharing combs, brushes or towels. Be sure to disinfect them regularly by soaking them in hot water for 5 to 10 minutes.
- Wash and dry clothes, bedding, and other items used by an infested person. Prefer washing with hot water and drying at high temperature. For items that can’t be cleaned, opt for a dry wash or keep them out of the way in a sealed plastic bag for 2 weeks.
- Do not use spraying and fumigation to control head lice. These are toxic if inhaled or absorbed through the skin.
How to kill head lice naturally?
Apple cider vinegar is an excellent anti-lice remedy. It eliminates lice naturally and safely. To apply it, nothing very complicated! The process is simple! Here is our user guide:
- 2 teaspoons of cider vinegar.
- Half a cup of water.
Steps to follow :
Step 1 : Mix apple cider vinegar in water.
2nd step : With a cotton ball, apply the mixture to your hair.
Step 3: Let stand for at least 30 minutes.
Step 4: Comb your hair carefully with a fine-toothed comb.
Attention ! This solution is likely to sting your scalp.
Does white vinegar kill lice?
To answer your question, white vinegar helps fight head lice by eliminating nits but does not kill adult lice. The acidic makeup of vinegar breaks down the glue-like adhesive that bonds nits to the base of the hair. To apply, mix 50ml of white vinegar with 50ml of water and use the solution to rinse your hair.
What is the best pharmaceutical remedy to kill head lice?
To overcome lice and act quickly, the asphyxiating products available in pharmacies and drugstores are formidable. These dimeticone products are effective in just one application. Other substances can help you eliminate lice, such as: oxyphthirine, isopropyl myristate, paraffin oil, coconut oil… These products are rated less well than dimeticone.
Are essential oils effective against lice and nits?
These oils have antibacterial and antifungal properties. It is possible to use shampoos rich in essential oils, although the AAP “The American Academy of Pediatrics”, does not recommend the use of essential oils to treat lice, as they can be a source sensitization by contact.
Do you still want to try?
Tea tree essential oil
Thanks to its composition of molecules of alcohols and monoterpene carbides, tea tree essential oil has proven itself in the elimination of lice and nits. To use it, just follow these steps:
Steps to follow :
Step 1 : Prepare a mixture of 1 tsp tea tree oil and 3 tbsp olive oil (carrier oil)
2nd step : Apply to infested hair.
Step 3: Leave on for 30 to 40 minutes.
Lavender essential oil
Lavender essential oil is another safe and effective oil for killing head lice, thanks to its linalool content. But this does not eliminate nits. Here is the process to follow:
Steps to follow :
Step 1 : Mix two drops of oil with 10 milliliters of water.
2nd step : Apply as a rinse water for your hair.
Apply the process once a week for 3 weeks.
Neem essential oil
Similar to tea tree oil, neem oil can help you get rid of head lice and nits. It contains constituents that disrupt the life cycle of the louse, making it a natural insect repellent! To use it, here is our step-by-step guide:
Steps to follow :
Step 1 : Add 10 drops of essential oil to a dab of shampoo.
2nd step : Apply to your hair and leave on for 20 minutes.
Step 3: Comb and rinse your hair.
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Insecticidal shampoos: what is the disadvantage of this type of treatment?
Although these shampoos have been endorsed by many pediatricians, you may be wary of using these insecticide-enriched products over the long term. Another disadvantage, these shampoos no longer work in the long run because the lice become resistant to pyrethrins and pyrethroids. They become immune to these chemicals.
Thick hair: how to treat lice?
For thick and curly hair, the elimination of lice is more difficult. A wet treatment to soften the hair is recommended! Add an oil-based product to protect your hair from breakage. Then, divide your hair into very small sections to apply the treatment. The process is tedious but necessary to eliminate nits and limit infestation.
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